Mary Ward History

Mary Ward History

Over 400 years ago, Mary Ward, the founder of the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary, was born into a world of turbulence. Mary spent her life following God’s guidance in seeking something new. She envisioned a religious community of women who were not cloistered, had no specific religious dress, and were free to bring God’s love wherever there was need.

Mary Ward was born into a devoted Catholic family in Yorkshire, England in 1585. She grew up during the time when English Catholics were being persecuted for their faith. At age fifteen, she felt called to become a religious and left England to join the Poor Clares. After one year, Mary learned God had other plans for her and she left the Poor Clares. Through various insights in prayer, Mary came to realise that the spirituality of St Ignatius of Loyola, the founder of the Jesuits, was what God was calling her to live as a woman religious.

She worked in disguise to preserve the Catholic Faith before founding a community of active sisters in 1609 at St. Omer in present-day France. To Mary, God was the “Friend of all friends.” She lived her fidelity with cheerfulness and a passion for truth. She also invited her followers to “become lovers of truth and doers of justice”. Her concept of freedom for her community, externally from cloister, choir, habit, and rule by men, and internally in the ability to “refer all to God”, enabled her to live undeterred by adversity, never deviating from the way God called her.

Without cloister, she and her companions educated young women, helped persecuted Catholics, and spread the word of God in places priests could not go. The Sisters lived and worked openly on the continent, but secretly in England to nurture the faith. Many who knew her, admired her courage and generosity. She traveled Europe on foot, founding schools in the Netherlands, Italy, Germany, Austria, and in today’s Czech Republic and Slovakia. Besides establishing free schools, Mary and her companions nursed the sick and visited prisoners. Even her Protestant neighbors attested to her love for the poor and her perseverance in helping them.

Mary Ward was a pioneer for women’s role in Church ministry and a woman ahead of her time in shaping apostolic religious life as we know it today. She sought to empower women to fulfill whatever part God called them to play. Mary Ward expected much and believed with all her heart that, “Women in time to come will do much”. Nonetheless, her efforts to expand the role of women in spreading the Catholic faith were criticized and maligned. Church officials called her a “dangerous heretic” and imprisoned her. Mary Ward died in York, England, in 1645 and was buried at Osbaldwick where her tombstone can still be seen. To the end, she trusted what God had asked of her would be accomplished in the future.

What may seem to us ordinary was startling in her time. Through the loyalty of her companions her Institute grew again, but it did not receive the definitive approval of the Church until 1877, or the acknowledgement of Mary Ward as Foundress until 1909. The two branches of the Mary Ward foundation are now known as the Congregation of Jesus and the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary and union of the two branches into one Mary Ward Institute is a strong desire for all. In 2009 Mary Ward was declared Venerable and a woman of “heroic virtue”.  The Cause for Venerable Mary Ward  continues today.